Mocking in React Testing: Tips and Tricks
4 mins read

By: vishwesh

Mocking in React Testing: Tips and Tricks

React is a popular JavaScript library used to build web applications. When it comes to testing React applications, mocking plays a vital role in simulating various scenarios and ensuring the correct functionality of the code.

Mocking is a technique used to replace real objects or functions with fake objects or functions. In React testing, it is used to simulate API calls, user interactions, and component behavior. In this article, we will discuss some tips and tricks to effectively use mocking in React testing.

Setting Up a Mocking Library

Before we dive into the tips and tricks, we need to set up a mocking library. Jest is a popular testing library used for testing React applications, and it comes with a built-in mocking library. Jest provides a simple API to create mocks and spys. To install Jest, you can use the following command:

npm install jest --save-dev

Once you have installed Jest, you can start using its mocking library in your tests.

Tips and Tricks for Mocking in React Testing

1. Mocking API Calls

In React applications, API calls are a common scenario that needs to be tested. However, it is not always practical to make real API calls during testing. Mocking API calls can be done using the fetch API or any other library. Here is an example of how to mock API calls using Jest:

test("mocking API calls", async () => {
  const data = {
    results: [
      { name: "Luke Skywalker", gender: "male" },
      { name: "Leia Organa", gender: "female" },
  const fetchMock = jest.spyOn(global, "fetch").mockResolvedValue({
    json: jest.fn().mockResolvedValue(data),

  const component = shallow(<Component />);



In the above example, we have created a mock API call using the jest.spyOn function. We have then set the return value of the fetch function to a mock JSON object. Finally, we have tested that the component has received the correct data.

2. Mocking User Interaction

User interactions such as clicking buttons or entering data into input fields are also essential to test in React applications. However, simulating user interactions in a test environment can be tricky. Jest provides a simulate method to simulate user interactions. Here is an example of how to simulate a click event using Jest:

test("mocking user interaction", () => {
  const onClickMock = jest.fn();
  const component = shallow(<Button onClick={onClickMock} />);



In the above example, we have created a mock click event using the jest.fn function. We have then passed this mock function as a prop to the Button component. Finally, we have simulated a click event on the Button component and tested that the mock function has been called once.

3. Mocking Component Behavior

In React applications, components often have different behaviors depending on their props or state. To test these behaviors, we can use the setState method to set the component's state to a specific value. Here is an example of how to mock a component's behavior using Jest:

test("mocking component behavior", () => {
  const component = shallow(<Component />);
  component.setState({ isLoading: true });


In the above example, we have set the isLoading state to true using the setState method. We have then tested that the component renders a Spinner component when isLoading is true.

4. Mocking Dependencies

React applications often have external dependencies such as third-party libraries or other components. To test components that have external dependencies, we can mock these dependencies using Jest. Here is an example of how to mock a dependency using Jest:

import { ExternalDependency } from "external-dependency";

jest.mock("external-dependency", () => ({
  ExternalDependency: jest.fn(() => null),

test("mocking dependencies", () => {
  const component = shallow(<Component />);

In the above example, we have mocked the ExternalDependency component using the jest.mock function. We have then tested that the ExternalDependency component has been called once when rendering the Component component.

5. Avoid Over-Mocking

Mocking can be a powerful tool for testing React applications, but it should be used in moderation. Over-mocking can lead to tests that are overly complex and difficult to maintain. In general, it is best to mock only what is necessary for a specific test case.


Mocking is an essential technique for testing React applications. It allows us to simulate various scenarios and ensure the correct functionality of the code. In this article, we have discussed some tips and tricks for effectively using mocking in React testing. By following these tips, you can write tests that are robust, maintainable, and easy to understand.

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