Organizing Redux code in your React app: Best Practices
4 mins read

By: vishwesh

Organizing Redux code in your React app: Best Practices

If you're building a complex React application, chances are that you'll need to manage its state. One of the most popular tools for state management in React is Redux. However, as your application grows, organizing your Redux code can become challenging. In this article, we'll explore some best practices for organizing your Redux code in your React app.

What is Redux?

Redux is a state management library for JavaScript applications. It provides a centralized store that holds the entire state of your application. The state can only be modified through actions, which are dispatched to the store. Reducers then handle these actions and update the state in the store. The updated state is then passed down to the components through props.

Why Organizing Redux Code is Important?

As your application grows, the complexity of your Redux code also increases. Organizing your Redux code becomes important to ensure that your codebase remains maintainable and scalable. Here are some benefits of organizing your Redux code:

Easy to Maintain: When your Redux code is organized, it becomes easy to find and modify the code. You can quickly identify the part of the code that needs to be changed, without having to go through the entire codebase.

Scalable: As your application grows, you'll need to add new features and functionality. Organizing your Redux code makes it easy to add new features without affecting the existing code.

Reusability: Organized Redux code is easy to reuse. You can use the same Redux code in multiple components without having to rewrite the code.

Best Practices for Organizing Redux Code

Here are some best practices for organizing your Redux code in your React app:

1. Separate Actions and Reducers

Actions and reducers are the core building blocks of Redux. To make your code more organized, you should separate your actions and reducers into separate files. This makes it easy to find and modify the code. Here's an example of how you can separate your actions and reducers:

// actions.js
export const ADD_TODO = "ADD_TODO";
export const DELETE_TODO = "DELETE_TODO";

export function addTodoAction(payload) {
  return {
    type: ADD_TODO,

export function deleteTodoAction(payload) {
  return {
    type: DELETE_TODO,
// reducers.js
import { ADD_TODO, DELETE_TODO } from "./actions";

const initialState = {
  todos: [],

export function todoReducer(state = initialState, action) {
  switch (action.type) {
    case ADD_TODO:
      return {
        todos: [...state.todos, action.payload],
    case DELETE_TODO:
      return {
        todos: state.todos.filter((todo) => !== action.payload),
      return state;

2. Group Related Actions and Reducers

If you have multiple actions and reducers, you should group related actions and reducers into separate files. For example, if you have actions and reducers related to user authentication, you should group them into a separate folder. Here's an example of how you can group related actions and reducers:

- src/
  - actions/
    - todoActions.js
    - authActions.js
  - reducers/
    - todoReducer.js
    - authReducer.js

3. Use Redux Toolkit

Redux Toolkit is a library that provides a set of utilities to simplify the development of Redux applications. It provides an opinionated way of writing Redux code that follows best practices. Redux Toolkit includes features like "createSlice", "createAsyncThunk", and "createEntity Adapter" that make it easier to write and organize your Redux code. Here's an example of how you can use Redux Toolkit to organize your Redux code:

import { createSlice } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";

const todoSlice = createSlice({
  name: "todos",
  initialState: [],
  reducers: {
    addTodo: (state, action) => {
    deleteTodo: (state, action) => {
      return state.filter((todo) => !== action.payload);

export const { addTodo, deleteTodo } = todoSlice.actions;

export default todoSlice.reducer;

4. Use Selectors

Selectors are functions that compute derived data from the Redux store. They are used to retrieve data from the store in a structured and organized way. Selectors can be used to filter, sort, and transform data from the store. By using selectors, you can avoid writing complex and repetitive code. Here's an example of how you can use selectors to retrieve data from the store:

import { createSelector } from "reselect";

const getTodos = (state) => state.todos;

export const getCompletedTodos = createSelector([getTodos], (todos) =>
  todos.filter((todo) => todo.completed)

5. Use Redux Middleware

Redux middleware is a way to intercept and modify actions that are dispatched to the store. Middleware can be used to add logging, caching, or other functionality to your Redux code. By using middleware, you can keep your Redux code organized and maintainable. Here's an example of how you can use middleware to add logging to your Redux code:

const loggerMiddleware = (store) => (next) => (action) => {
  console.log("Dispatching action:", action);
  const result = next(action);
  console.log("Next state:", store.getState());
  return result;


Organizing your Redux code is essential for building a scalable and maintainable React application. By following these best practices, you can keep your Redux code organized and easy to maintain. Remember to separate your actions and reducers, group related actions and reducers, use Redux Toolkit, use selectors, and use Redux middleware. These practices will help you write cleaner, more organized, and efficient Redux code.

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