Using Custom Hooks in React: Creating Reusable Logic
4 mins read

By: vishwesh

Using Custom Hooks in React: Creating Reusable Logic

If you've been working with React for a while, you may have noticed that some of your components share similar code. This can lead to a lot of repetition, and it can be difficult to maintain as your application grows. One way to solve this problem is by using custom hooks in React.

What are Hooks in React?

Hooks are a feature introduced in React 16.8 that allows you to use state and other React features in functional components. Prior to hooks, you had to use class components if you wanted to use state or lifecycle methods. Hooks provide a way to use state and other features in functional components, making them more powerful and easier to use.

There are several built-in hooks in React, such as useState and useEffect. These hooks allow you to manage state and perform side effects in your components. However, you can also create your own custom hooks to encapsulate reusable logic.

What are Custom Hooks?

Custom hooks are functions that use one or more of the built-in hooks to encapsulate reusable logic. They allow you to extract common functionality from your components and reuse it across multiple components. Custom hooks are similar to regular functions, but they have some special requirements:

  • The name of the function must start with "use"
  • The function must call at least one built-in hook

Here's an example of a custom hook that fetches data from an API:

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function useFetch(url) {
  const [data, setData] = useState(null);
  const [loading, setLoading] = useState(true);
  const [error, setError] = useState(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    async function fetchData() {
      try {
        const response = await fetch(url);
        const json = await response.json();
      } catch (e) {

  }, [url]);

  return { data, loading, error };

This custom hook uses the useState and useEffect hooks to fetch data from an API. It returns an object that contains the data, loading state, and error state.

Benefits of Using Custom Hooks

There are several benefits to using custom hooks in React:


Custom hooks allow you to encapsulate reusable logic and use it across multiple components. This can help reduce code duplication and make your code more maintainable.

Separation of Concerns

Custom hooks allow you to separate the logic of your components from the UI. This can make your code easier to understand and maintain.


Custom hooks are just regular functions, so you can easily test them in isolation. This can help ensure that your code is correct and reduce the likelihood of bugs.

How to Use Custom Hooks

Using a custom hook is just like using any other React hook. You call the hook in your component and destructure the values that it returns. Here's an example of using the useFetch hook from earlier:

import React from 'react';
import { useFetch } from './useFetch';

function MyComponent() {
  const { data, loading, error } = useFetch('');

  if (loading) {
    return <div>Loading...</div>;

  if (error) {
    return <div>Error: {error.message}</div>;

  return (
      { => (
        <div key={}>{}</div>

In this example, the useFetch hook is used to fetch data from an API. The component checks the loading and error states before rendering the data. If the data is loaded successfully, it renders a list of items.

Creating Your Own Custom Hooks

Creating your own custom hooks is a simple process. Here's an example of creating a custom hook that handles form input:

import { useState } from 'react';

export function useFormInput(initialValue) {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);

  function handleChange(e) {

  return {
    onChange: handleChange,

This custom hook returns an object with a value and onChange function. The onChange function updates the value state whenever the input changes.

You can use this custom hook in your component like this:

import React from 'react';
import { useFormInput } from './useFormInput';

function MyComponent() {
  const nameInput = useFormInput('');
  const emailInput = useFormInput('');

  function handleSubmit(e) {
    console.log(nameInput.value, emailInput.value);

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
        <input type="text" {...nameInput} />
        <input type="email" {...emailInput} />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>

In this example, the useFormInput hook is used to manage the state of two input fields. The component uses the spread operator to pass the value and onChange function to the input element.


Custom hooks are a powerful feature in React that allow you to create reusable logic that can be shared across multiple components. They help reduce code duplication, improve maintainability, and make your code easier to test. If you find yourself repeating code across multiple components, consider creating a custom hook to encapsulate that logic.

Remember, custom hooks must follow certain rules, such as starting with "use" and calling at least one built-in hook. But once you get the hang of it, you'll find that creating custom hooks is a simple process that can greatly improve the structure and maintainability of your React code.

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